Sequencing for Strings – Using MIDI Controls

By | February 8, 2017

Foreword:
There’s loads to cowl when writing about sequencing for strings. Approach over I’d cowl proper right here in a single submit.

There are a complete lot of parts to ponder, moreover. The sample library one is using performs a component in how loads MIDI tweaking and automation is required. Whether or not or not you’ve got the articulations required, whether or not or not the library helps legato, dynamic crossfading and so forth.

Current solutions for a sensible sound are the current giant hitters like:

  • Spitfire Audio’s Mural range
  • Orchestral Devices Berlin Strings
  • A favourite reliable library in Cinematic Strings 2

Phrase – whether or not or not you orchestrate or produce a sensible sound from them is a novel matter.

Totally different notable libraries are:

  • Cinesamples CineStrings
  • East West Hollywood Strings
  • and diversified completely different string articulations contained in further of Spitfire’s range, similar to Albion One.

1 – Legato (collaborating in simply)
Legato means ‘tied collectively’. In musical notation that’s written as a ‘slur’ turning into a member of notes all through a phrase.

In string collaborating in, the participant is using the entire bow as loads as potential and is making an attempt to remove any silence or gap when collaborating in a single discover to one different. Most good libraries current a legato articulation which is programmed to remove the assault of the notes after the first.

That’s usually triggered by overlapping discover events on the piano roll throughout the sequencer. An excellent library will study this as a legato attempt, and might be a part of them. The outcomes might be good, or harmful. Usually this may occasionally merely rely on which pitches your collaborating in. It’s usually good, nonetheless hit and miss too. So further work is required. Study on…

Chances are you’ll combine this legato makes an try with adjusting the assault envelope manually in order to reinforce the expression of the ‘participant’ and make it sound further lifelike.

Overlapping notes and an assault envelope.

2 – MIDI Controls (to help expression, legato, and regular realism)
When sequencing there are a number of MIDI CC’s that should be adjusted every time. These are:

  • CC#1 – Modulation – if the library helps dynamic crossfading, then it could usually use CC#1 for this. Though there are some exceptions. When obtainable, I on a regular basis use a crossfade patch. It creates a pure crescendo and diminuendo and provides the collaborating in the very best amount of expression. Sounds obvious, nonetheless I’ve heard objects that used libraries with XF, and however it could not appear that XF has been adjusted (or used successfully).
  • CC#7 – Amount – a major administration, easy to understand, nonetheless usually ill used. It’ll get used as an alternative choice to CC#1 at events, which can give the illusion of expression, nonetheless is not any match for an accurate XF patch. Nonetheless it might nonetheless be used nonetheless personally I depart it alone and use the observe fader instead (significantly when mixing fully completely different libraries collectively for steadiness), and likewise CC#11. Try to stay away from balancing by using dynamics. The forte of 1 library would ideally match fastidiously to the forte of 1 different, nonetheless usually this isn’t the case. If the patch you’re using wouldn’t reply to CC11, then you’ll try CC7 instead. When collaborating in, a participant can’t protect precise amount. It’s not potential. It is best to subsequently draw a gentle ‘wave’ envelope all through the notes. This creates a pure rise and fall as a result of the participant performs. Don’t use it to ‘actually’ dim or improve the amount, use velocity and/or CC#1/CC#11 for that (XF).
Amount/Expression wave
  • CC#11 – Expression – this administration works in tandem with CC#7 – amount. Expression ranges is usually a proportion reduce of the amount. As soon as extra, counting on the library, expression might be utilized to chop again assault, or act like a XF. Usually it gives the impression of being a amount adjuster, nonetheless its making the notes softer. How the library you’ve got makes use of you have to to the way in which you regulate it.
  • Velocity – that’s as soon as extra one factor that differs all through libraries. Velocity works in one other means in that it is adjusted for each explicit individual discover, and as quickly as that discover ‘begins’ (discover on), it has that velocity diploma until the discover stops (discover off). So it is not a ‘wave’. Velocity can act as a pure amount diploma of a discover, with low velocity notes having snug assaults, extreme vel. with sharper assaults.
Velocity ranges confirmed as vertical bars. Each discover has its private explicit individual diploma.

It’s worth noting that the place I level out that libraries differ in how they use each administration, these an identical libraries moreover usually comprise numerous instrument patches that use the MIDI controls in some or all of these strategies, and so its solely a matter of loading the XF patch, or the legato patch, and so forth. and that they combine, so you may have a crossfading legato patch that makes use of velocity for assault. Wouldn’t that be one factor! So one library may use all of these in numerous strategies.

three – Draw back with Envelope Controls
Within the occasion you are using CC1 or CC11 to control the expression and/or timbre of the notes, there is a disadvantage with how the notes are ‘related’. It makes it arduous to separate the envelope of the first discover with the envelope of the second discover, as they’re shut collectively, and must you wished to sharply drop the envelope of the second discover, you are inadvertently effecting the first discover.

A method spherical that’s take every second discover, and break it down onto one different observe. Now you’ll regulate the envelopes independently and have the expression you want with out it stepping on the toes of the notes spherical it.

Other Midi Karaoke:

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